During the time Van Gogh painted The Road Menders, he was still at the hospital in Saint-Rémy, but feeling much better. In his writing to Theo telling him so, he said that he was sending off three parcels and to also let him know that there were some thirty canvasses that were not yet dry.
The last study I did is a view of the village where men were at work — under some enormous plane trees — repairing the pavements. So there are heaps of sand, stones, and the gigantic trunks — the leaves yellowing, and here and there a glimpse of a house front and some small figures. — Vincent Van Gogh, Dear Theo